By Kristalyn Shefveland
Shefveland examines Anglo-Indian interactions during the belief of local tributaries to the Virginia colony, with particularemphasis at the colonial and tributary and international local settlements of the Piedmont and southwestern Coastal simple among 1646 and 1722.
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Extra resources for Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722
While Virginia’s role in Indian trading networks declined significantly by the mid-eighteenth century, it fundamentally set the stage for future Anglo-colonial control of Indian trade and interaction in the colonies of Carolina and Georgia. The drive to control the Indian trade was at the epicenter of this period. Traders ignored laws and governmental regulations and believed themselves to be nearly untouchable. Indians did not blindly follow their European allies. 1 Exploration and trade would not have been successful in Virginia without the consent and cooperation of Native partnerships.
By 1662 Governor Berkeley placed Wood in charge of trading with all nontributary Indians, including the Westo and Occaneechee. ”37 As the Occaneechee sought to gain access to the slave trade, another piedmont Indigenous group, the Tomahitan, began working with Wood. Gabriel Arthur returned to Fort Henry in 1673 and met with the chief man of the Tomahitan, a piedmont group. 40 It is important to recognize the role of Indian slavery in Virginia and the lower Southeast, especially considering that there was a precipitous rise in Indian slavery after the opening of southwestern Virginia in 1646.
67 In March 1662 Thomas Busby of Surry County sold William Rollinson an Indian boy, aged five. 68 Little regulation over the use of Native laborers is evident in the haphazard record keeping of the period. In at least one case, the House of Burgesses chose to cancel the sale of an Indian because the child in question was a member of a tributary group. On July 3, 1659, the king of the Weyanoke, a tributary, sold an Indian boy to Elizabeth Short of Surry County. 69 This is likely the only case of its kind, but a growing number of records on the issue of how to regulate Indian labor indicate a desire on the part of the colonists to codify their actions and to consider the tributaries’ concerns.