By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for the Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: Phase II
The software supervisor for Assembled Chemical guns evaluation (PMACWA) of the dep. of safety (DOD) asked the nationwide learn Council (NRC) to evaluate the engineering layout reviews (EDSs) constructed via Parsons/Honeywell and common Atomics for a chemical demilitarization facility to fully cast off the assembled chemical guns on the Pueblo Chemical Depot in Pueblo, Colorado. to complete the duty, the NRC shaped the Committee on assessment and assessment of other applied sciences for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical guns: part II (ACW II Committee). This record offers the result of the committee's medical and technical review, with the intention to support the place of work of the Secretary of security in making a choice on the expertise package deal for destroying the chemical munitions at Pueblo.
The committee evaluated the engineering layout programs proposed via the expertise companies and the linked experimental reports that have been played to validate unproven unit operations. an important a part of the checking out application concerned increasing the know-how base for the hydrolysis of full of life fabrics linked to assembled guns. This strategy was once a priority expressed via the Committee on assessment and assessment of other applied sciences for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical guns (ACW I Committee) in its unique file in 1999 (NRC, 1999). the current examine came about because the experimental reports have been in development. in certain cases, checks for a number of the aiding unit operations weren't accomplished in time for the committee to include effects into its assessment. In these situations, the committee pointed out and mentioned strength areas of difficulty in those operations. in line with its services and its competitive data-gathering actions, the committee was once in a position to behavior a accomplished evaluation of the try out facts that have been accomplished for the general approach layout. This document summarizes the study.
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Additional info for Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Pueblo Chemical Depot (The Compass series)
Plasma arc. Melted in plasma arc. Shredded; processed in plasma arc. General Atomics Modified reverse assembly; cryofracture for projectiles. Hydrolysis; supercritical water oxidation (SCWO). Hydrolysis; SCWO. Hydrolysis; thermal treatment to 5X. Shredded; destroyed in SCWO. Lockheed Martin Modified reverse assembly (multiple lines, compact layout, new drain and wash). Hydrolysis; SCWO; Eco Logic gas-phase chemical reduction (GPCR). Hydrolysis; SCWO; GPCR. a Parsons Modified reverse assembly (fluid-jet cutting and energetic washout for rockets).
The committee believes that the test plan is well designed to determine acceptable parameters on the full-scale reactor at HAAP. Systemization of the 2,000-gallon hydrolysis reactor at HAAP was completed within 4 months. Composition B, which is produced at HAAP and is readily available, was chosen for the initial experiments. The disposal of hydrolysate is covered under existing permits for handling waste from the production of Composition B. Because foaming is difficult to control in Composition B, the two test runs with this material provided a good test of the efficacy of measures designed to control foaming.
Army, 1997. S. Army, 1988. S. Army, 1997. S. Army, 1997. Weapon Types The mustard at Pueblo Chemical Depot is stored in artillery and mortar projectiles, which include a variety of other chemical compounds that must also be destroyed. The term “assembled chemical weapon” describes munitions that contain chemical agents. Mortars are typically stored with energetic components in place; projectiles may or may not contain bursters or fuzes. More detailed descriptions of these munitions are provided in Appendix A.