By Nicholas Capaldi
During this ebook, distinctive philosophers debate some of the most arguable public coverage problems with the overdue twentieth century. every one starts off by way of creating a case for or opposed to affirmative motion, laying out the foremost arguments on each side. each one writer then responds to the other's essay. Written in a fascinating, available kind, Affirmative motion is a superb textual content for junior point philosophy, political idea, public coverage, and African-American reviews classes in addition to a advisor for execs navigating this significant debate.
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Additional resources for Affirmative Action
V. Pena (1995) a contractor claimed that the federal government's practice of using race to identify "socially and economically disadvantaged individuals" for preferential treatment in the granting of highway construction contracts violated his constitutional rights of due process and equal protection. In deference to Congress's lawmaking powers, previous courts had applied only an intermediate level of scrutiny to federal policies involving racial classifications. However, in Croson, the Supreme Court required that state and local government policies using racial classifications be subject to strict scrutiny.
We believe that students, teachers, those connected with the law and public policy, and the intelligent lay public will all benefit from this discussion. As befits the nature of the Point/Counterpoint series, we have tried to illuminate the issues by taking opposing sides and accentuating our differences. At the same time our approach is philosophical in attempting to identify and articulate the fundamental presuppositions of the debate and the arguments that can be offered in support of and opposition to those presuppositions.
The petitioners argued instead that ''students had no constitutional right to attend a school with a staff of any particular racial composition . " 27 As in Firefighters Local Union No. 1784 v. 28 In turn, respondents argued that state and local governments had a compelling interest in eliminating the vestiges of past discrimination by devising layoff plans that retained underrepresented minorities. Congress had determined that discrimination in the public sector was more pervasive than in the private sector, and that governments had an obligation to represent all of the people.