By Paul Bennett
Learn the newest in irregular and scientific psychology
Abnormal and scientific Psychology goals to introduce and evaluation the conceptual types of psychological illnesses and their remedy, in addition to to supply invaluable analyses of assorted issues, corresponding to schizophrenia and paedophilia. The issues are thought of from the mental, social and organic views and assorted intervention varieties are investigated.
This new version gains completely up to date case experiences to demonstrate dialogue of medical paintings, a number new pedagogical assets and a new bankruptcy on cognitive conception and cures.
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Additional info for Abnormal and Clinical Psychology: An Introductory Textbook
Animals that could avoid the shocks seemed to experience no ill-effects. Those that could not, exhibited what Seligman termed learned helplessness. They were apathetic and, even when they were in conditions where they could avoid shocks, made no attempt to do so. This was seen as analogous to some elements of depression. Combining classical and operant conditioning The classical conditioning model of phobias so far considered is adequate in its description of the acquisition of anxiety and phobias.
2008) Stahl’s Essential Psychopharmacology: Neuroscientific Basis and Practical Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 6 How effective are the therapies? 10 Further reading 57 There have been four major schools of psychological therapy since the late nineteenth century: ● Psychoanalytic: views childhood trauma and the unconscious as the causes of problems in adulthood; ● Behavioural: considers psychopathology to arise from conditioning processes; ● Cognitive or cognitive behavioural: assumes that the critical element of psychopathology is inappropriate, dysfunctional, cognitions; ● Humanistic: considers psychopathology to be the consequence of deviation from the drive towards self-actualization.
It also retains a strong behavioural focus: distorted cognitions, for example, may be challenged by behavioural experiments designed to illustrate errors of thinking. Each of these models is described and discussed in more detail in Chapters 2 and 3 and the chapters in Part 2. indd 21 2/9/11 3:06:19 PM 22 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION e processes provides the most direct and effective form of treatment of mental health disorders. While there is some logic in this argument, it certainly does not hold for all cases and it implicitly assumes that psychological therapy does not influence the fundamental biological processes underpinning mental health disorders.