By B. A. Dogel’, Y. P. Ilyasov (auth.), S. Y. Braude, A. E. Salomonovich, V. A. Samanian, I. S. Shklovskii, R. L. Sorochenko, V. S. Troitskii, K. I. Kellermann, B. A. Dubinskii, N. L. Kaidanovskii, N. S. Kardashev, M. M. Kobrin, A. D. Kuzmin, A. P. Molchanov
This translation of A short heritage of Radio Astronomy within the USSR makes descriptions of the antennas and instrumentation utilized in the USSR, the astronomical discoveries, in addition to attention-grabbing own backgrounds of some of the early key avid gamers in Soviet radio astronomy on hand within the English language for the 1st time. This booklet is a suite of memoirs recounting an engaging yet mostly nonetheless darkish period of Soviet astronomy. The association of the essays is decided basically by the point whilst radio astronomy stories started on the associations concerned. those contain the Lebedev actual Institute (FIAN), Gorkii nation college and the affiliated Physical-Technical Institute (GIFTI), Moscow country college Sternberg Astronomical institute (GAISH) and house examine Institute (IKI), the dep. of Radio Astronomy of the most Astronomical Observatory in Pulkovo (GAO), distinct Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine (SSR), Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics of the USSR Academy of Sciences (IRE), Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Ionosphere and Radio-Wave Propagation Institute (IZMIRAN), Siberian Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Ionosphere and Radio-Wave Propagation (SibIZMIRAN), the Radio Astrophysical Observatory of the Latvian Academy of Sciences and Leningrad kingdom University.
A short heritage of Radio Astronomy within the USSR is an interesting resource of knowledge on a previous period of medical tradition and fields of study together with the Soviet SETI actions. someone drawn to the hot heritage of technology will take pleasure in interpreting this volume.
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Extra resources for A Brief History of Radio Astronomy in the USSR: A Collection of Scientific Essays
I. Kruchinenko. A. Dogel’ et al. In a comparatively short time, they had built a complex and, in many ways, quite unusual spectrometer designed for studies of 21 cm radio emission. Kuz’min joined the Radio Astronomy Section in 1954; earlier, he had specialised in measurements of electrical noise signals and the construction of high-sensitivity receiver-amplifier schemes, being the author of the book Measurements of the Noise Coefficients of Receiving and Amplifying Devices (Moscow/Leningrad, Gosenergoizdat, 1955).
I. Grigor’eva, I. V. Vavilova, G. Yu. Pogozhev, N. M. Yakimenko, Yu. N. Semenov, V. A. Vvedenskii, P. V. Dobychin, A. N. Kondrat’ev, N. Ya Bulkin and others). A. Dogel’ et al. with the design for the main gauge of a linear ship that had been manufactured earlier and never used, and suggested that this prepared structure be used, which saved time and resources. A team of constructional engineers from FIAN headed by Kalachev went to the plant, reworking over several weeks the adjacent nodes for the support and turning system for rotation in hour angle.
V. Keldysh and S. P. Korolev, who arrived and acquainted themselves with the work at the site. An operative headquarters was established, headed by Vitkevich. The antennas of the radio spectrometer, which seemed huge and, in any case, immovable, were shifted over several hours and mounted with an accuracy of several millimetres. New feeds (Yu. P. Ilyasov) and low-noise amplifiers (Matveenko) were developed and constructed, the cable system was laid and the necessary equipment assembled. The radio interferometer was ready in Autumn; it was aligned using radio astronomy methods—observations of cosmic radio sources.